Simple Notification Service (SNS)
Kinesis + MQ
Databases & Analytics
VPC Subnets
  • A range of IP addresses for your VPC.
  • VPC Subnet is attached to an Availability Zone - Subnet can span only a single Availability Zone.
  • To create a subnet, you specify the CIDR block for the subnet, which is a subset of the VPC CIDR block.
  • Each VPC subnet is in a different Availability Zone and together, they span across all the Availability Zones in the region.
  • The first 4 IP addresses and last IP address in each subnet CIDR block are not available for use:
    • For example, in a subnet with CIDR block, the following five IP addresses are reserved:
      • = Network address.
      • = For the VPC router.
      • = Reserved for DNS Server.
      • = For future use.
      • = Network broadcast address; AWS do not support broadcast in a VPC, so they reserve this address.
    • So, if you need 29 IP addresses for a VPC, a /27 CIDR block will only give you 32 IP addresses but you actually need 34 IP addresses, so you'd require a /26 CIDR block with 64 IP addresses.
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